9º Día de Acción Global contra la basura y la incineración

Ambientalistas advierten que la incineración de residuos desalienta las estrategias de Basura Cero y genera riesgos sanitarios inaceptables
El 1 de diciembre se celebra el 9º Día de Acción Global contra la basura y la incineración, coordinado por la Alianza Global por Alternativas a la Incineración (GAIA), una red internacional que busca eliminar todas las formas de incineración de residuos y promover la Producción Limpia, la meta de Basura Cero y la justicia ambiental internacional.
La Coalición Ciudadana Anti-incineración, que forma parte de GAIA, expresó su preocupación por la proliferación de proyectos de generación de energía a partir de la incineración de residuos o tecnologías alternativas, por ejemplo en la ciudad de Villa María (Córdoba), en el Partido de La Matanza y la Ciudad de La Plata (provincia de Buenos Aires).
“Argentina como país signatario del Convenio de Estocolmo debería tener una clara política en contra de la incineración de residuos que es una fuente importante de generación de dioxinas y furanos y otras sustancias tóxicas como metales pesados”, afirmó Cecilia Bianco. “La incineración en cualquiera de sus variantes no es la solución al problema de la mala gestión de los residuos; es una fuente de contaminación y supone un derroche de recursos y energía, obstaculizando además el desarrollo de alternativas ambientalmente seguras como la reutilización, el reciclado, el compostaje y la biodigestión”, completó Lorena Pujó.
“Los residuos de la incineración contaminan el aire, el agua, el suelo y los alimentos, pueden provocar daños en la salud incluso a pequeñas dosis, en particular porque afectan los sistemas hormonales y algunas sustancias –como la dioxina TCDD- son cancerígenos humanos comprobados según la Agencia Internacional de Investigación sobre el Cáncer”, señaló el biólogo Raúl Montenegro.
A su vez, las organizaciones de la Coalición se manifestaron a favor de la adopción de estrategias de Basura Cero, que “tienen el potencial de generar puestos de trabajo, y proteger el clima, la salud pública y la fuente de sustento de quienes viven de la recuperación de materiales”, afirmaron. “Los proyectos de supuesta ‘valorización energética’ de residuos a través de incineración convencional, gasificación, pirólisis o plasma, y la producción de ‘combustible derivado de residuos’ – a menudo promovidos y financiados por programas de incentivo a las ‘energías renovables’ – son incompatibles con las estrategias superadoras orientadas hacia el objetivo Basura Cero.”
También la Coalición alertó sobre los proyectos de tratamiento de residuos basados en tecnologías en etapa experimental como la ‘despolimerización catalítica’, que se propone por ejemplo para el Municipio de La Matanza. Sostienen que “es una tecnología no probada para la escala y tipo de residuos que se pretende tratar aquí”.
Frente a todos estos desafíos, marcaron el creciente peso y logro de los movimientos de ciudadanos organizados contra la incineración, que ya logró el cierre de numerosas instalaciones.
Las estrategias de Basura Cero apuntan a reducir la generación de residuos y a recuperar materiales descartados a través de la reutilización, el compostaje y el reciclaje. Además de estas medidas, los planes de Basura Cero apuntan a intervenir en los procesos de producción de modo de reducir el uso de materiales y fabricar productos de larga duración y reutilizables, reciclables o compostables. Una de las estrategias para esto es la Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor, un instrumento político que obliga a las empresas a asumir responsabilidades por los residuos de sus productos. “Este tipo de normativas ha dado resultados muy positivos en los países en que se aplicó; es urgente la sanción de leyes nacionales de Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor para dar solución a residuos complejos como son los de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos, y otros como los envases y embalajes.”, sostuvieron.
La Coalición se sumó al pedido internacional por abandonar la incineración y apoyar estrategias de Basura Cero. La Coalición agregó que es imperioso que en Argentina se desarrollen circuitos de recuperación de materiales y políticas de reducción de la generación de los residuos, y que comenzar a incinerar residuos urbanos pondrá en jaque esas estrategias.
La Coalición Anti-incineración está integrada por más de 50 organizaciones y profesionales de todo el país y forma parte de la Alianza Internacional por Alternativas a la Incineración de Residuos GAIA. Desde hace 15 años trabaja para rechazar la incineración de residuos urbanos, hospitalarios e industriales en la Argentina.
Contactos:
Cecilia Bianco, Secretaria de la Coalición Ciudadana Anti-incineración: (0341) 156-626962
Lorena Pujó, Greenpeace Argentina: (011) 153-3043323
Luis Tuninetti, Eco Sitio (Villa María): (0353) 154-115604
Celia Frutos, Vecinos Autoconvocados contra la contaminación de CEAMSE de González Catán (La Matanza): (011) 155-8702733
Rubén Prymaczok, Semillas al Viento (La Matanza): (011) 156-5138242
Raúl Montenegro, FUNAM: (0351) 155-125637
Silvana Buján – BIOS (0223) 155019937
BIOS, miembro de la Coalición Ciudadana Antiincineración
bios_argentina@yahoo.com
(0223) 479-2474
www.bios.org.ar

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